Changes in air temperature and its relation to ambulance transports due to heat stroke in all 47 prefectures of Japan

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/27470
Title
Changes in air temperature and its relation to ambulance transports due to heat stroke in all 47 prefectures of Japan
File
Description

Abstract
OBJECTIVES:

Changes in air temperature and its relation to ambulance transports due to heat stroke in all 47 prefectures, in Japan were evaluated.
METHODS:

Data on air temperature were obtained from the Japanese Meteorological Agency. Data on ambulance transports due to heat stroke was directly obtained from the Fire and Disaster Management Agency, Japan. We also used the number of deaths due to heat stroke from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, and population data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. Chronological changes in parameters of air temperature were analyzed. In addition, the relation between air temperature and ambulance transports due to heat stroke in August 2010 was also evaluated by using an ecological study.
RESULTS:

Positive and significant changes in the parameters of air temperature that is, the mean air temperature, mean of the highest air temperature, and mean of the lowest air temperature were noted in all 47 prefectures. In addition, changes in air temperature were accelerated when adjusted for observation years. Ambulance transports due to heat stroke was significantly correlated with air temperature in the ecological study. The highest air temperature was significantly linked to ambulance transports due to heat stroke, especially in elderly subjects.
CONCLUSIONS:

Global warming was demonstrated in all 47 prefectures in Japan. In addition, the higher air temperature was closely associated with higher ambulance transports due to heat stroke in Japan.

KEYWORDS:

Air temperature; Ambulance transports; Ecological study; Heat stroke; Japan

(医博甲587)

Author
著者 村上 祥子
著者(ヨミ) ムラカミ ショウコ
著者(別表記) Murakami Shoko
Publication Title
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Publication Title Alternative
J Prev Med Public Health.
Volume
45
Issue
5
Start Page
309
End Page
315
Publisher
Korean Society for Preventive Medicine
Published Date
2012-09-28
ISSN
1975-8375
PMID
23091656
DOI
10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.5.309
Resource Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Language
eng
Relation
PMCID: PMC3469813
Resource URL
https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.5.309
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3469813/
Rights
Copyright © 2012 The Korean Society for Preventive Medicine
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher's Version DOI: https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2012.45.5.309
Text Version
ETD
Grant ID
博甲第587号
Grant Date
2014-03-24
Degree Name
博士(医学)
Grantor
香川大学
Set
香川大学
Copyright (C) 2009 Kagawa University All rights reserved.