Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or autism spectrum disorder and its relation to lifestyle in female college students.

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/27873
Title
Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or autism spectrum disorder and its relation to lifestyle in female college students.
File
Description

Abstract
OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its relation to lifestyle in female college students.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A total of 375 female college students (19.2 ± 1.3 years) among 439 students were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we measured the prevalence of ADHD using the ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1.1 (ASRS) and the prevalence of ASD using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ). In addition, lifestyle choices such as medications, physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and sleeping habits were also evaluated.
RESULTS:

The suspected prevalence of ADHD was 102 students (27.2 %) and the suspected prevalence of ASD was 4 students (1.1 %). Only one student (0.3 %) was thought to have both ADHD and ASD. Subjects with suspected ADHD had higher AQ scores compared with those without suspected ADHD. There were no unhealthy lifestyle choices in subjects with suspected ADHD and/or ASD.
CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of suspected ADHD and/or ASD may be relatively high even among female college students in Japan.

KEYWORDS:

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Female college students; Lifestyle; Self-reported questionnaire

(医博甲650)

Author
著者 高橋 圭三
著者(ヨミ) タカハシ ケイゾウ
著者(別表記) Takahashi Keizo
Publication Title
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Publication Title Alternative
Environ Health Prev Med.
Volume
21
Issue
6
Start Page
455
End Page
459
Publisher
Japanese Society for Hygiene
BMC (part of Springer Nature)
Publisher Aalternative
日本衛生学会
Published Date
2016-11
ISSN
1342-078X
NCID
AA1108348X
PMID
27350055
DOI
10.1007/s12199-016-0548-9
Resource Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Language
eng
Relation
PMCID : PMC5112192
Resource URL
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0548-9
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5112192/
Relation(isVersionOf)
Publisher's Version.
Rights
Copyright © The Japanese Society for Hygiene 2016
Copyright © The Author(s).
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0548-9
Text Version
ETD
Grant ID
博甲第650号
Grant Date
2016-12-27
Degree Name
博士(医学)
Grantor
香川大学
Set
香川大学
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