Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or autism spectrum disorder and its relation to lifestyle in female college students.

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/27873
タイトル
Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or autism spectrum disorder and its relation to lifestyle in female college students.
ファイル
内容記述

Abstract
OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its relation to lifestyle in female college students.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A total of 375 female college students (19.2 ± 1.3 years) among 439 students were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we measured the prevalence of ADHD using the ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1.1 (ASRS) and the prevalence of ASD using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ). In addition, lifestyle choices such as medications, physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and sleeping habits were also evaluated.
RESULTS:

The suspected prevalence of ADHD was 102 students (27.2 %) and the suspected prevalence of ASD was 4 students (1.1 %). Only one student (0.3 %) was thought to have both ADHD and ASD. Subjects with suspected ADHD had higher AQ scores compared with those without suspected ADHD. There were no unhealthy lifestyle choices in subjects with suspected ADHD and/or ASD.
CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of suspected ADHD and/or ASD may be relatively high even among female college students in Japan.

KEYWORDS:

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Female college students; Lifestyle; Self-reported questionnaire

(医博甲650)

著者
著者 高橋 圭三
著者(ヨミ) タカハシ ケイゾウ
著者(別表記) Takahashi Keizo
掲載誌
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
掲載誌(別表記)
Environ Health Prev Med.
21
6
開始ページ
455
終了ページ
459
出版者
Japanese Society for Hygiene
BMC (part of Springer Nature)
出版者(別表記)
日本衛生学会
出版年月日
2016-11
ISSN
1342-078X
NCID
AA1108348X
PMID
27350055
DOI
10.1007/s12199-016-0548-9
資料タイプ
学位論文
言語
英語
関連情報
PMCID : PMC5112192
関連情報URL
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0548-9
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5112192/
関連情報(isVersionOf)
Publisher's Version.
権利関係
Copyright © The Japanese Society for Hygiene 2016
Copyright © The Author(s).
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-016-0548-9
博士論文(全文を含む)
学位授与番号
博甲第650号
学位授与年月日
2016-12-27
学位名
博士(医学)
学位授与機関
香川大学
区分
香川大学
Copyright (C) 2009 Kagawa University All rights reserved.