A Pilot Study of the Relationship between Diet and Mental Health in Community Dwelling Japanese Women

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/28975
Title
A Pilot Study of the Relationship between Diet and Mental Health in Community Dwelling Japanese Women
File
Description

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Diet is closely linked to mental health. The aim of this study was to explore the link between diet and mental health in community dwelling Japanese women. Materials and Methods: A total of 89 community dwelling Japanese women, aged 66.8 ± 7.6 years, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Diet surveys were evaluated using the brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ) and mental health was evaluated using the general health questionnaire-12 (GHQ) and clinical parameters. Results: The mean energy intake was 1806 ± 570 kcal and the GHQ score was 1.0 ± 1.4. Among nutrients, the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio was significantly correlated with the GHQ score (r = 0.269, p = 0.011), and some micronutrients and vitamins were weakly or negatively correlated with the GHQ score. Among the food groups, fish and shellfish were negatively correlated with the GHQ scores. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio was the determinant factor for the GHQ score, even after adjusting for confounding factors. Conclusions: These results suggest that a proper diet to reduce the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio may improve mental health in community dwelling Japanese women.

Keywords:

brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ); general health questionnaire-12 (GHQ); mental health; n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio; nutrients; women

(医博甲735)

Author
著者 髙島 直子
著者(ヨミ) タカシマ ナオコ
著者(別表記) Takashima Naoko
Publication Title
Medicina
Publication Title Alternative
Medicina (Kaunas).
Volume
55
Issue
9
Publisher
MDPI
Published Date
2019-08-21
ISSN
1010-660X
PMID
31438607
DOI
10.3390/medicina55090513
Resource Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Language
eng
Relation
PMCID: PMC6780405
Resource URL
https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55090513
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc6780405/
Rights
Copyright © 2019 by the authors.
"This is the Publisher's Version of the following article: A Pilot Study of the Relationship between Diet and Mental Health in Community Dwelling Japanese Women; Medicina; Volume 55 Issue 9 (2019) 513; doi: 10.3390/medicina55090513, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55090513 ."
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Text Version
ETD
Grant ID
博甲第735号
Grant Date
2020-03-24
Degree Name
博士(医学)
Grantor
香川大学
Set
香川大学
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