Comparison of the prebiotic properties of native chicory and synthetic inulins using swine fecal cultures

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/29004
Title
Comparison of the prebiotic properties of native chicory and synthetic inulins using swine fecal cultures
File
Description

Abstract

Inulin-type fructans are known to exert different effects on the fermentation profile depending on the average and range of the degree of polymerization (DP). Here, swine fecal cultures were used to investigate the prebiotic properties of native chicory inulin (NIN), extracted from the chicory root, and synthetic inulin (SIN), which has a narrower DP distribution than NIN. Both NIN and SIN showed prebiotic effects, but NIN exhibited a significant decrease in pH and increase in the production of propionate and butyrate compared to SIN. There were also differences in the production of succinate and lactate, the precursors of propionate and butyrate, and the relative abundance of associated genes. Furthermore, NIN induced the growth of certain species of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus more strongly than SIN. These results suggest that NIN and SIN exhibit different prebiotic properties due to differences in DP, and that NIN might be more beneficial to host health.

Keywords:

Inulin; fermentation; gut microbiota; prebiotics; short-chain fatty acids

(医博甲754)

Author
著者 中山 保典
著者(ヨミ) ナカヤマ ヤスノリ
著者(別表記) Nakayama Yasunori
Publication Title
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry
Publication Title Alternative
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem.
Volume
84
Issue
7
Start Page
1486
End Page
1496
Publisher
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry
日本農芸化学会
Taylor & Francis
Published Date
2020-04-11
ISSN
0916-8451
NCID
AA10824164
PMID
32281519
DOI
10.1080/09168451.2020.1749553
Resource Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Language
eng
Rights
Copyright © 2020 Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry.
This is an electronic version of an article published in Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry [Volume No.84, No.7, pp 1486-1496, year of publication 2020]. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry is available online at: www.tandfonline.com/Article DOI; 10.1080/09168451.2020.1749553.
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09168451.2020.1749553
Embergo Expiration Date: 2021 Apr. 11.
Text Version
none
Grant ID
博甲第754号
Grant Date
2020-06-25
Degree Name
博士(医学)
Grantor
香川大学
Set
香川大学
Copyright (C) 2009 Kagawa University All rights reserved.