London俗語'Cockney'の発音

( Max 2000 Items )
URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/4238
Title
London俗語'Cockney'の発音
Title Alternative
The cockney pronunciation of the first-half of the nineteenth century
File
Description

This is an extract from the writer's unpublished 'A Study of English Sound-changes'(chapter V, 4, c. ). The four principal peculiarities of Cockney pronunciation which were indicated by John Walker in his ‘Pronouncing Dictionary (4th ed. 1806) are: 1. [w] for [v], [v] for [w] (vine 'wine', weal 'veal'). 2. [h] misplaced: dropped and added (art 'heart', harm 'arm'). 3. [w]- for wh-(wet 'wheat'). 4.insertion of an unstressed vowel between-sf (suffix) and the s-plural ending (postes, mistes, etc.). 'Errors of Pronunciation and Improper Expressions' by Anonymous (1817) has also 'harbour' for arbour, 'viper' for wiper and 'persistes'. It was at the beginning of the 19 c. that Cockney pronunciation began to be used as one of the chief dialect types in literary works, and Thackeray's 'The Yellowplush Papers should be regarded as first and foremost in the realm of Cockney literature. Yet, at any rate, the most popular novelist of the first-half of the century was Dickens, and the Cockney Pronunciation of the times may well be called Dickensian. ""The recorded confusion between v and w, the classical and most systematic examples of which are furnished by Dickens……is not exemplified in the 'Arry pronunciation……in the seventies and eighties'' (Joseph Saxe: Bernard Shaw's Phonetics, p. 39.). In the same way the voicing and unvoicing of certain consonants are typical of early Cockney (enfy 'envy', sallit 'salad', wile 'while', vot 'what', etc.). [h] misplaced is so conspicuous a vulgarism, past and present, that it gave the dialect the name of 'Arry dialect. Such kinds of misplacement may also be recognized in dooty 'duty', dook 'duke', etc., and yarn 'earn', faviour 'favour', parient 'parent', etc. There is much confusion in the pronunciation of [iG ] and [in], as in writin 'writing', virging 'virgin', etc., and sometimes [iGk] is heard instead of [iG], as in everythink 'every ...

Author
著者 上阪 泰次
著者(ヨミ) コウサカ タイジ
著者(別表記) Kosaka Taiji
Publication Title
香川大学経済論叢
Volume
27
Issue
1
Start Page
1
End Page
11
Publisher
香川大学経済研究所
Published Date
195405
ISSN
0389-3030
NCID
AN00038281
Resource Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Language
jpn
Text Version
publisher
Set
香川大学
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