London俗語'Cockney'の発音

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/4238
タイトル
London俗語'Cockney'の発音
タイトル(別表記)
The cockney pronunciation of the first-half of the nineteenth century
ファイル
内容記述

This is an extract from the writer's unpublished 'A Study of English Sound-changes'(chapter V, 4, c. ). The four principal peculiarities of Cockney pronunciation which were indicated by John Walker in his ‘Pronouncing Dictionary (4th ed. 1806) are: 1. [w] for [v], [v] for [w] (vine 'wine', weal 'veal'). 2. [h] misplaced: dropped and added (art 'heart', harm 'arm'). 3. [w]- for wh-(wet 'wheat'). 4.insertion of an unstressed vowel between-sf (suffix) and the s-plural ending (postes, mistes, etc.). 'Errors of Pronunciation and Improper Expressions' by Anonymous (1817) has also 'harbour' for arbour, 'viper' for wiper and 'persistes'. It was at the beginning of the 19 c. that Cockney pronunciation began to be used as one of the chief dialect types in literary works, and Thackeray's 'The Yellowplush Papers should be regarded as first and foremost in the realm of Cockney literature. Yet, at any rate, the most popular novelist of the first-half of the century was Dickens, and the Cockney Pronunciation of the times may well be called Dickensian. ""The recorded confusion between v and w, the classical and most systematic examples of which are furnished by Dickens……is not exemplified in the 'Arry pronunciation……in the seventies and eighties'' (Joseph Saxe: Bernard Shaw's Phonetics, p. 39.). In the same way the voicing and unvoicing of certain consonants are typical of early Cockney (enfy 'envy', sallit 'salad', wile 'while', vot 'what', etc.). [h] misplaced is so conspicuous a vulgarism, past and present, that it gave the dialect the name of 'Arry dialect. Such kinds of misplacement may also be recognized in dooty 'duty', dook 'duke', etc., and yarn 'earn', faviour 'favour', parient 'parent', etc. There is much confusion in the pronunciation of [iG ] and [in], as in writin 'writing', virging 'virgin', etc., and sometimes [iGk] is heard instead of [iG], as in everythink 'every ...

著者
著者 上阪 泰次
著者(ヨミ) コウサカ タイジ
著者(別表記) Kosaka Taiji
掲載誌
香川大学経済論叢
27
1
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
11
出版者
香川大学経済研究所
出版年月日
195405
ISSN
0389-3030
NCID
AN00038281
資料タイプ
紀要論文
言語
日本語
出版社版
区分
香川大学
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