トマス・リードの心の哲学(4) : 行為の諸原理について(上)

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/431
Title
トマス・リードの心の哲学(4) : 行為の諸原理について(上)
Title Alternative
Thomas Reid's Philosophy of Mind (4) : of the Principles of Action I
File
Description

In this paper, we examine Reid's theory of principles of action., especially, mechanical principles and animal principles. And from these we will try to construct his ideas about what human being is. Mechanical principles are divided into instinct and habit. They may operate without exertion of will and reason. There are three kinds of animal principles, i.e. appetites, desires, and affections. Appetites are grounded on physical conditions of man and their object is to help man to survive. Desires are of social character. They drive man to be social. Affections are the principles of action whose object is other person. We may think they correspond to what out modern usage of the words "emotion" or "passion" mean. It seems obvious that the latter two are peculiar to human being. Why they are called "animal principles"? We can best understand its meaning in contrast to rational principles of action. And we find Reid's thoughts about what man is, especially, about his affection has very much in common with Hume's thoughts, in spite of their theoretical differences. We can see the deep influence of Hume on Reid.

Author
著者 石川 徹
著者(ヨミ) イシカワ トオル
著者(別表記) Ishikawa T.
Publication Title
香川大学教育学部研究報告第Ⅰ部
Volume
125
Start Page
17
End Page
31
Publisher
香川大学教育学部
Published Date
20060331
ISSN
0454-9309
NCID
AN00038237
Resource Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Language
jpn
Text Version
publisher
Set
香川大学
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