Comprehensive analysis of circulating microRNAs as predictive biomarkers for sorafenib therapy outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma

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URI http://shark.lib.kagawa-u.ac.jp/kuir/metadata/29005
Title
Comprehensive analysis of circulating microRNAs as predictive biomarkers for sorafenib therapy outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma
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Description

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer‑related death worldwide. Clinical management has improved the prognosis of early HCC, but that of advanced HCC remains poor. Sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, provided a treatment option for advanced‑stage HCC, and prolonged the survival and inhibited tumor progression as first‑line therapy in patients with advanced HCC. In this study, we investigated if specific microRNAs could act as predictive biomarkers of sorafenib effectiveness and indicate the best time to switch to second‑line therapies. Sorafenib inhibited the proliferation of the Li‑7, Hep3B, HepG2 and Huh7 liver cancer cell lines (effective group), but not that of the HLE, HLF and ALEX cancer cell lines (non‑effective group). A microRNA (miRNA/miR) analysis was performed comparing sorafenib‑effective and non‑effective cells lines as well as serum samples from patients with HCC from sorafenib‑effective (complete response/partial response) and ‑non‑effective (progressive disease) groups before sorafenib administration and detected three differentially‑expressed miRNAs that were common among the in vivo and in vitro samples. The increase rate (effective/non‑effective) of hsa‑miR‑30d in the medium was higher than that in the cancer cells. hsa‑miR‑30d was highly expressed in the serum and exosomes of patients with HCC in the effective group when compared to those of the non‑effective group. Additionally, the hsa‑miR‑30d expression in the medium of cancer cell lines was highly upregulated in the effective group compared with the non‑effective group. These results suggested that hsa‑miR‑30d might be secreted by the cancer cells to the serum through the exosomes. We identified a specific circulating miRNA that is related to refractory HCC under sorafenib therapy. Therefore, hsa‑miR‑30d might serve as a predictive biomarker for the efficacy of sorafenib therapy in HCC.

(医博甲755)

Author
著者 河野 知樹
著者(ヨミ) コウノ トモキ
著者(別表記) Kohno Tomoki
Publication Title
Oncology Letters
Publication Title Alternative
Oncol Lett.
Volume
20
Issue
2
Start Page
1727
End Page
1733
Publisher
Spandidos Publications
Published Date
2020-06-05
ISSN
1792-1074
DOI
10.3892/ol.2020.11696
Resource Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Language
eng
Rights
Copyright: © Kohno et al.
"This is the Publisher's Version of the following article: Comprehensive analysis of circulating microRNAs as predictive biomarkers for sorafenib therapy outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma; Oncology Letters; Volume 20 Issue 2 (2020) Pages: 1727-1733; doi: 10.3892/ol.2020.11696 , which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11696 . "
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Text Version
ETD
Grant ID
博甲第755号
Grant Date
2020-06-25
Degree Name
博士(医学)
Grantor
香川大学
Set
香川大学
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